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TRANSACTIONS 



OF THE 



AMERICAN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

VOLUME XX. 
SPHINGES AND BOMBYCES.-A REVIEW. 

BY JOHN B. SMITH, SC. D. 

A Synonymic Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera (Moths) 

by W. F. Kirby, F.L.S., F.E.S., etc. Vol. I, Sphinges and Bombyces. Lon- 
don : Gurney & Jackson, 1892, i — xii et 1 — 951. 



Mr. Kirby has given us under the above title a very useful and 
necessary work. It makes no pretense to completeness of references, 
but he has " endeavored to quote all important original references to 
foreign species.' ' Under this head come the American forms. Taken 
altogether, the volume represents an amount of labor, of which no 
one who has not done similar work can have the least conception. 
So far as I have had occasion to test the references they are accurate. 
Mr. Kirby makes some distinct departures in this catalogue, and his 
order of families and genera is quite unlike that accepted in our 
lists and literature. The work is an expensive one, and this will 
serve at least in part, as an excuse for a somewhat lengthy review 
of the book, giving the main features as they apply to our fauna. 

In the first place, Mr. Kirby has " excluded the iEgeriidae, Thy- 
rididas, Euschemida?, and a large part of the Chrysaugidse and Me- 
lameridai from the Sphinges and Bombyces," and as to the Sesiidse 

TEANS. AM. KNT. SOC. XX. (1) JANUARY, 1893. 



'L JOHN B. SMITH. 

at least, with perfect correctness in my opinion. It would have been 
better to have gone yet further and excluded the Cossidse and Hepi- 
alidse. The former family has very distinctive Pyralid characters 
and has little to associate them with either Sphinges or Bombyces. 
The Hepialid* are still more unique, and Prof. Comstock has re- 
cently pointed out that with the Micropterygidse they share a char- 
acter not elsewhere found in the Lepidoptera and again found in the 
Phryganseidse. 

Family I is the Castniidse, family II is the Cocytiidse, family III, 
the Uraniidse, under the first of which only are there any North 
American species. Megathymus is, in my opinion, a true butterfly — 
not a moth. 

Family IV, the Agaristidse, contains of our forms, the genera Pseud- 
alypia, Alypiodes, Androloma, Alypia, Psychomorpha, Eusdwardsia, 
Copidryas, Fenaria, Euthisanotia and Ciris. Under Alypiodes we 
have crescens Wlk., with grotei Bdv. and flavilinguis Grt., as syno- 
nyms; and bimaeulata H.-S., with trimaculata Bdv. as synonym. 
The identification of grotei and flavilinguis with crescens is correct, 
as I have previously pointed out (Can. Ent. June, 1892), and I am 
inclined to believe that the other names also refer to the same species, 
and that bimaeulata H.-S. must be used to indicate our form as is 
done in my Check List. 

To Androloma, which is given generic rank, are referred the Alypia 
lorquinii, maccullochi, ridingsii, similis and brannani of my list. 
The genus Fenaria is used for sevorsa Grt., and Phcegorista (not 
Phwgarista, as I have it) is placed in the Nyctemeridse, a widely 
separated family. Euthisanotia Hub. is used in the sense that we 
use Eudryas, and unio is given as type of the genus. I am not pre- 
pared to assent to this decision without more investigation. I am 
inclined to believe that Boisduval's name Eudryas can be rescued 
for use as in our lists. The use of the other generic terms accords 
with our own. Metagarista f sabulosa Bdv., illustrated in Felder 
Lep. iv, t. 107, fig. 11, is credited to California. I do not know the 
species. 

Neither the Chalcosiidse, nor the Thymaridse are credited with 
species from our fauna. 

The term Zygsenidse is used in the widest possible sense, except 
that the Agaristidse included by Mr. Grote are here excluded, and 
one hundred and sixty-five genera are accredited to the family. It 
would be difficult, indeed, to get a definition of this assemblage with- 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTEEA. 6 

out including also one-third of the other families of Lepidoptera. 
Nine subfamilies are, however, recognized, which may be taken up 
in order. 

In the first subfamily, the Anthroceridse, no species from our fauna 
are listed. In the Adscitinss we find Mr. Hy. Edwards' species, 
Penihetria, under the name Tantura, the former genus being marked 
pre-occupied. I am very doubtful, indeed, whether our species are 
near enough to Adscita, as Ino Leach is here termed, to belong to 
the same family, but I agree with Mr. Kirby in giving at least a 
subfamily rank to the differences between Ino (Adscita) and Zygoma. 
I have elsewhere pointed out an essential difference in the venation 
between these forms. In the appendix Thia extranea Hy. Edw. is 
referred to this subfamily. In the Zygaeninse no species are credited 
to our fauna, nor are there any in the Thyratinse or Phaudinse. 

To the Pyromorphinse, Acoloithus, Harrisina, Triprocris, Pyro- 
morpha, Lycomorpha and Anatolmis are referred ; though I have 
pointed out that there are essential differences between Anatolmis 
and Lycomorpha and the other genera with which they are associated 
by Mr. Kirby. With these two genera excluded Mr. Kirby includes 
of our fauna the species ranged under the term Pyromorphidre in my 
list. Triprocris aversus Hy. Edw. is erroneously recorded as from 
Arizona, whereas it was described from Jalapa, Mexico. Lycomor- 
pha. rata belongs to Pyromorpha as referred in my list. 

The Euchromiinse contain the largest series in the " Zygaenidse," 
and of our species has Syntomeida ipomece Harr., using this generic 
term instead of Euchromia, and citing ferox Wlk., and euterpe H.-S. 
as synonyms ; Dahana atripennis; Phyllcecia (Guer.) texanus for Ho- 
rama texana; Erruca pertyi, Didasys belce and Cosmosoma auge Linn. 
(= omphale Hub.). Burtia rubella from Cuba, so close to Didasys 
bela that they seem like the same species, and are certainly identical 
generically, is placed in the Trichurinse under Herrich-Schaeffer's 
name Gundlachia. Syntomeida epilais is not credited to Florida, 
though well recorded thence. 

Neither the Trichurinae nor the Antichlorinae are represented in 
our fauna. 

The Arctiidae are ranged in six subfamilies and two hundred and 
thirty-one genera, introducing a great many changes in the accepted 
nomenclature. 

In the Charideinae, containing thirty-eight genera and many spe- 
cies, our own fauna is represented only by Nelphe Carolina Hy. Edw. 

TBANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. JANTJABY, 1893. 



4 JOHN B. SMITH. 

and the species of Scepsis. Whether N. Carolina agrees with the 
other species of Nelphe or not I cannot say ; it is certain, however, 
that it has no family relationship with Scepsis. Why this latter 
genus is disassociated from Ctenucha is a puzzle to me , in all details 
of structure they are closely related, and only the wing form differs. 
Scr paekardii is referred as a synonym of Sc. fulvicollis, perhaps cor- 
rectly. 

The Ctenuchinse are all American, and a fair proportion from our 
fauna. Ct. venosa Wlk. is referred to Phlloros, and is type of the 
genus. Ct. virginica is type of Ctenucha, and has associated with it 
only one other species. Ct. cressonana is referred to Compsoprium 
Blanch. To Euctenucha are referred ochroscapus, multifaria, rubro- 
scapus, sanguinaria and brunnea of our species, while in Pygoctenucha 
we find robinsonii, funera and harrisii, the latter of these the type 
of the genus. There is room for a difference of opinion at least on 
the question of the necessity for so many genera for so few species. 

The Pericopinse, again, are very poorly represented from our fauna. 
The species of Gnophwla are arranged somewhat differently from 
the accepted method. Hopfferi is made a synonym of latipennis 
Bdv., while discrete/, is given specific rank, and arizonm is cited as a 
synonym. The validity of this synonymy is at least open to question. 
Daritis and Composia are the only other genera represented in our 
fauna, each by a single species only. C. fidellissima is not credited 
to our fauna, though both Mr. Dyar and Prof. French have recorded 
it. In my Check List it appears among the Agaristidae ; probably 
an error. 

In the Phsegopterinse we find, first, Alexieles aspersa Grt, which 
is unknown to me, Eupseudoeoma floridum, Lophocampa with caryce 
as type, and agassizii, maculata, argentata, sobrin,a, scapularis, ingens, 
occidentalis and subalpina as other species ; Euhalisidota, Halisidota 
with tesselaris as type, and davisii, labecula, edwardsii, cinctipes, 
minima, trigona, cinnamomea, significans and ambigua, as other species. 

In Lophocampa, agassizii is given as distinct from maculata, with 
californica, angulifera and salicis as synonyms ; fulvoflava and gutti- 
fera are cited as synonyms to maculata ; otherwise, no changes are 
made. In Halisidota we find trigona Grt., but specularis H. S., which 
resembles it so closely that it has been considered identical, does not 
appear in the genus ; so of H. roseata Wlk., which has been cited 
as a synonym of cinnamomea. Cinctipes Grt. is not credited to our 
fauna, though it has been well recorded from it. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTEEA. 

Under Ecpantheria we find sennetii Lint., then cwea Strk., our old 
friend scribonia under the name ocularia Fab., cunigunda being 
awarded specific rank, and reducta Grt. ; cmca Strek. and reducta 
Grt. have long since been referred as synonyms of Leucarctia per- 
maeulata, which is in truth an Ecpantheria, though it does not appear 
in Mr. Kirby's list. 

Halisidota roseola reappears as a species under JEmelia, widely 
separated from H. einnamomea Bdv., and we are again at sea as to 
what was intended by these specific names. 

Under Arachnis we find zuni credited to Mr. Schaus, while Mr. 
Neumoegen is entitled to the honor. 

Subfamily V, the Spilosomatinse, shows, as the first familiar name, 
Antarctia, to which none of our species are referred. In the ap- 
pendix, however, A. beanii Neum. appears. 

Under Estigmene Hub. we find acran as type, and permaculata, al- 
bida and f niobe Strk. as other species. Spilosoma nigroflava Graef., 
is cited as a synonym to E. permaculata, to which it has not the 
slightest resemblance. E. niobe Strk. has been referred to Seirarctia 
echo. E. permaculata Pack, is an Ecpantheria, as has been already 
stated. Cycnia dubia Wlk., appears here as an Estigmene; Messrs. 
Grote and Robinson, from an examination of the type, referred it to 
Phragmatobia. 

Spilosoma is unchanged. In Hyphantria we have cunea, textor and 
punctata as good species, though their identity has been proved to 
demonstration time and again. Spilosoma congrua Wlk, correctly 
appears as a synonym of H. cunea. Why Mr. Kirby restored these 
specific terms when there is practical unanimity among American 
students in referring them to the synonymy, puzzles me. 

Ectypia bivittata should have Spilosoma nigroflava as a synonym. 
Euerythra, wrongly written in the body of the work, is corrected in 
the appendix. 

Cycnia Hiib. is used for most of our species of Euchastes, and C. 
tenera Hub., from the " Southern States," is named as type. We 
find also C. budea Hub. as from the same locality. I am not aware 
that either tenera or budea are known in our collections. In Pareu- 
chmles we find cadaverosa, affinis and conspicua. If the genus is a 
good one, other species must be referred to it. Vanessodes is sand- 
wiched in here, though it has little resemblance to those of the sur- 
rounding forms that are known to me. Seirarctia is unchanged, and 
so is Pyrrharctia, which ends the subfamily. 

TBANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. JANUARY, 1893. 



6 JOHN B. SMITH. 

The subfamily Arctiinse begins with Oodiosoma, as Mr. Kirby 
writes Mr. Stretch's generic term Kodiosoma. Phragmatobia follows 
immediately after, and contains, besides fuliginosa and rubricosa, the 
species we have as Antarciia in our list. I confess this aggregation 
is staggering, when the separations elsewhere made are taken into 
consideration. P. assimilans is cited as a synonym of rubricosa, and 
franeonia is cited as a variety of the latter, probably quite correctly. 
P. (Antarctia) vagaiu Bdv. has rufula cited as a synonym — quite 
correctly in my opinion ; but walsinghami has no better claim to spe- 
cific rank, and is yet passed. 

Parasemia Hub. is used instead of Nemeophila, with plantaginis as 
type. Geometrica is cited as distinct from petrosa contrary to the 
opinions of all American entomologists ; even its describer, Mr. 
Grote, placing it as a variety as far back as 1889. 

Haploa Hub. is used for our American species referred to Calli- 
morpha, the synonymy practically agreed upon by Mr. Lyman and 
myself being mostly rejected and nearly all the names given specific 
rank. Whether Mr. Kirby deems our work inconclusive or unre- 
liable does not appear. The only point he decides is that C. lactate, 
Smith drops in as a synonym of Tanada comcita, and that perhaps 
may be conceded as correct. 

Under Callimorpha, Mr. Kirby gives us our Epicallia virginalw, 
making it congeneric with C. dominula L., the type of the genus. 
In Platarctia, parthenos and borealis appear as distinct species, and 
hyperborea Curtis, to which both have been referred as synonyms, 
does not appear in the genus at all. Yarrowi and remissa also are 
referred to this genus. 

Under Hypercompa Hub. we find our Euprepia oaja and opulenta. 
Mr. Kirby here gives the Tentamen priority over Ochsenheimer's 
name. My opinion of the Tentamen has been elsewhere expressed, 
and I cannot follow Mr. Kirby here. 

Under Arotia we have villiea as type, and one other species, none 
of our American forms being accredited to the genus. 

In Hyphoraia Hub. we find our Platarctia hyperborea, its supposed 
synonyms parthenos and borealis having been long ago disposed of. 

After an interval of foreign generic names we find Apantesis Wlk., 
to which most of the Arctia species of our list are referred : such as 
are not so found will be hereafter mentioned. Arotia parthenice is 
given specific rank and widely separated from saimdersii, of which 
it is, I believe, a synonym ; indeed, the order of species here adopted 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. I 

is entirely unnatural, and without any base discoverable by me. 
Stretehii is separated by shastaensis from intermedia, of which it has 
been referred a synonym. Shastaensis, by the bye, is credited to 
French instead of Behr., and quite correctly, for the characterization 
is by French, and the use of a mss. name suggested by another does 
not change the authorship. Other departures from well-established 
synonymy are numerous, and Mr. Kirby seems to have been quite 
arbitrary in his recognition or rejection of species. All of Mr. But- 
ler's names, baseless as most of them are, stand of course, since the 
types are in the British Museum, but why anna and persephone 
should be kept distinct when no American entomologist disputes 
their specific identity is puzzling, especially when nevadensis and 
incorrupta, which are related in much the same way, are classed as 
varieties. 

Under Orodemnias we find quenselii with gelida as synonym, spe- 
eiosa as a good species, obliterata and cervinoides. In Callaretia we 
have ornata, proxima, favorita and arizonensis. Under proxima, 
which is not credited to our fauna, we find doeta, mexicana and an- 
theola, as synonyms, correctly enough ; arizonensis should have been 
added. 

In Leptarctia the names are arranged according to French and 
Butler. 

Family IX, the Oymbidse, contains only one familiar name — Earim 
obliquata Hy. Edw. It seems to be the only species in the family 
recorded from the New World, and the correctness of the generic 
reference may bear investigation. 

Family X is the Lithosiidse, with 228 genera not divided into sub- 
families. The first familiar name is genus 11, Hypoprepia, under 
which our species are arranged as we are accustomed to see them. 
Genus 12, Cisthene, contains all the names proposed for our forms, 
and specific rank is accorded to all. Genus 13, Pyralidia, replaces 
Byssophaga, as used in our lists, and deserta Felder, from Utah, is 
named as type. I do not know this species and question its distinct- 
ness from our other named forms. 

Genus 14 is Hyaloscotes for fumosa Butler, and then there is a long 
array of genera without a familiar name until 92, Lithosia, is reached. 
Here we find argillaeea with bieolor as synonym, and rubropicta. 
Why argillaeea is preferred to bieolor does not appear : both names 
were proposed in the same volume of the same publication, but bi- 
eolor has, according to Mr. Kirby, twenty-four pages the priority, 

TEANS. AM. KNT. SOC. XX. JANUARY, 1893. 



8 JOHN B. SMITH. 

and is yet ranked as a synonym. In genus 122, Crambidw, we rec- 
ognize another acquaintance, and under it axe pallida as type, and 
Lithosia Candida, casta and cephalica as other species. Genus 126 is 
Eustixia Hub., with pupula as type and sole species. This is un- 
doubtedly a Pyralid, and has been so referred by Prof. Fernald in 
the recent Check List. Genus 144 is Coseinia Hub., and among 
others we find our Emydia ampla under this generic name. Uteth- 
eisa is genus 147, containing among others our species ornatrix, bella, 
venusta and pulchella, all as good species ; venusta Daltn. is an older 
name for speciosa ; so Mr. Kirby says. Under Eubaphe Hub., genus 
163, we find our species of Crocota, in which little change is ventured. 
Genus 166, Eudule Hub., contains our Ameria texana and unicolor, 
and Crocota immaculata Reak. Genus 179 is Pagara Wlk., with 
simplex as type, and murina as synonym. I have shown, " Canadian 
Entomologist," xxiv, 134, that these are the same as Vanessodes 
clarus G. & R., which Mr. Kirby makes genus 160 in the Arctiidse, 
placing it next to Euchwtes. The present location is much the better. 
Mr. Kirby is certainly in error in citing simplex as the type of the 
genus ; venosa was first described under the name, and simplex under 
another name is the type of Comacla. If venosa is really congeneric 
with the others, it makes no difference which is selected, otherwise 
Comacla has the right to recognition. Genus 182 is written Euphau- 
essa, and contains our species and two others. Clemensia is genus 
190, and contains our species and one other from Brazil. Under 
Nycteola we have our species referred to iSarrothripa. I think that 
these species are certainly entitled to family rank ; there is more 
difference structurally between Nycteola and Lithosia than between 
the latter and Arctia. Eidithosia Hy. Edw., genus 199, is a Noctuid, 
as I have shown. To Nola, 72 species are referred, among which the 
four names credited to our fauna make a poor showing. In Argy- 
rophyes, however, we have two of the three species, and under Le- 
bena, genus 210, we find our Nola trinotata, minna, sorghiella and 
melanopa. To the remaining genera no American species are re- 
ferred. 

Family XI, the Hypsidse, family XII, the Callidulidse, and family 
XIII, the Cyllopodidse are not represented in our fauna. 

In Family XIV, the Dioptidse, Phryganidia californica is the only 
species from our fauna. 

Family XV, the Nyctemeridse, are altogether unrepresented. 

Family XVI, the Liparidae, contains 180 genera, among which 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 9 

American forms are sparsely represented. The first genus credited 
to the United States is number 9, Gingilia Wlk., with humeralis 
Wlk., as sole species and type. This is one of those unfortunate 
overlooked species that has never made its way into our lists ; what 
it may be is unknown to me. In genus 22, Carama, we are repre- 
sented by cretata Grt. So in genus 61, Artaxa, we are credited with 
one species out of 61, and even this has a ? after the generic name, 
as if to question its right here. As there seem to be no other species 
known from the New World, perhaps the ? is justified. 

In Parogyia, genus 110, we make a better showing with eight spe- 
cies out of sixteen described. Mr. Kirby credits badlflava Pack., to 
locality "Nonantum." It would puzzle some of our foreign friends 
to know where this place was if the name of the describer and place 
of description did not suggest the United States as the probable 
location. Apropos of this it may be noted that Mr. Kirby often 
gives for our American species only the localities given in the original 
description, so that as a guide to distribution within our fauna the 
catalogue is of little value. Thus under Lagoa, genus 113, pyxidi- 
fera and opercularis are credited to Georgia only, and erispata to 
Massachusetts only. Under genus 135, Dasychira, we have rossii, 
grcenlandica and lintneri from our fauna. Demos diversicolor Morr. 
and D. flavieornis Smith appear under Colocasia Ochs. Mr. Morri- 
son's species has long since been referred to Hadena, while my species 
is certainly a Noctuid, and is congeneric with coryli. Nerice Wlk., 
genus 147, also figures as a Liparid here. Cothocida nigrifera Wlk., 
genus 154, is a Croeota, as I have shown. In genus 157, Hypogymna 
morio, is credited to Europe and America, without specifying North 
or South. It is not known to me from our faunal region. 

Our species of Orgyia reappear in genus 164, under the term 
JVotolophus Germ., with antiqum as the type, O.fascelina being made 
the type of Ochsenheimer's genus, to which we have nothing to refer, 
generically. Mr. Edwards' obliviosa appears as olivaeea and a var. of 
leucograp/ms Geyer. 

In family XVII, the Heterogynidse, we are not credited with any 
species, and the entire family contains only one genus with three 
species. 

Family XVIII is the Psychidae, with 49 genera. Genus 2 is 
Oiketicus, in which we have two species. Genus 3 is Thyridopteryx, 
in which also we have two species. Under genus 8, Manaiha Moore, 
we find M. edwardsii Heyl., from Texas ; a name heretofore unknown 

TRANS. AM. BNT. SOO. XX. (2) FEBRUARY, 1893. 



10 JOHN B. SMITH. 

to me as the species is at present. We also find under genus 25, 
Chalia rileyi Heyl., also from Texas, and equally unknown to me. 
Psyche is genus 32, and under this our four species form just one-fifth 
of the whole. Platoeceticus is genus 33, with gloveri as type, and one 
other species. For Eutheca mora Grt., accidentally omitted from my 
list, Sapinella, genus 45, is proposed, Mr. Grote's name being preoc- 
cupied, and the same fate befalls Pseudopsyche Hy. Edw., for which 
we get CEdonia Kirby. The genera Lacosoma Grt., and Perophora 
Harris, are referred to the Drepanulidae by Mr. Kirby ; perhaps 
incorrectly. 

Family XIX is the Limacodidse, with 106 genera. Not till we 
get to genus 33 do we strike a familiar name, and then we find Li- 
maeodes beutenmulleri Hy. Edw., under Semyra Wlk. Genus Pho- 
betrum Pack., or Phobetron Hub., as under the rules it should be 
written, contains pithecium, hyalinum, nigricans and tetradactylus ; all, 
save the first, long since placed in the synonymy. Genus 10, Adoneta, 
contains our species only. Under Eulimacodes we find scapha Harr. 
Nochelia and Empretia are genera 52 and 53, respectively, each with 
the single type species only. Under Sibine H.-S. we find referred 
with a ? the Limacodes ephippiatus of the Harris correspondence. 
This is obviously Empretia stimulea, and very well characterized ; but 
I have no memorandum that it has ever been definitely referred into 
the synonymy. Parasa is genus 67, and contains 54 species, only 
two of them from our fauna. Varina ornata, which follows next 
after, has been removed from this family by Mr. Dyar, whose recent 
papers on this family Mr. Kirby has used in the appendix to sup- 
plement his text. Euclea and Monoleuca are genera 69 and 70, re- 
spectively. Under Euclea we find viridiclava Walk., from Massa- 
chusetts — a name unfamiliar to our lists. Referring to Walker's 
description we find that no locality was there given, except a ?, and 
perhaps the Massachusetts locality by Mr. Kirby is an error. Isa 
Pack, is said to be preoccupied, and Sosiosa Kirby is proposed to 
replace it. Next after this comes Tortricidia, in which flavula and 
pallida are given specific rank, and to which the undetermined Li- 
macodes f err ig era Wlk. is added. Kronea is genus 82, and contains 
our species only. Our species of Limacodes appear under Apoda 
Haw., and Limacodes is made a synonym and not used for any ag- 
gregation of species. Whether under such conditions we can use the 
family term Limacodidse, there being no genus Limacodes, is perhaps 
a question. Personally, I would regret the change, as I regret the 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 11 

change from the well and universally known Limacodes to Apoda. 
Several of the species under the typical name in our lists are else- 
where referred ; but no synonymical changes appear. Sisyrosea 
(wrongly written Sicyrosea) contains the species inornata, nasoni and 
rude. It has been shown that Inornata is the type of Isa, and not 
textula H.-S., though as the name is preoccupied, Mr. Kirby's solu- 
tion may be accepted. Rude has been referred as a synonym of 
nasoni. Under Paehardia, genus 90, ocellata and nigopunetata appear 
as good species, though they have been referred to the synonymy. 
Under Lithacodes we have fasciola, laticlavia and rectilinea, referred 
to Limeades in my list, and flexuosa, ecesonia and graefii, there re- 
ferred to Heterogenea. The generic reference in my list may be in- 
correct, but graefii and flexuosa have been referred as synonyms of 
textula H.-S. Under Heterogenea, shurtleffii appears as sole American 
species. If it is really the same as ecesonia, and the latter is really 
a Lithacodes, this leaves us no representative of this old world genus. 
Family XX, the Notodontidse contains 202 genera. Genus 12, 
Litodonta, with hydromeli as type and sole species, is the - first name 
in our lists. Heteroeampa follows, containing our species with two 
exceptions, elsewhere referred to. H. trouvelotii is given specific rank, 
though it has been referred as a variety of obliqua, and marina, also 
given as a species, has been placed as a synonym of unieolor. Under 
(Edemasia we have the species usually in our lists, and in addition 
the Dryocampa riversii Behr. and Edema semirufeseens Wlk. The 
latter was referred to Sehizura unicornis many years ago by Grote 
and Robinson, as I believe, correctly. Sehizura is genus 23, and 
contains all our American species ; humilis and edmandsii having 
specific rank, though they have been referred as synonyms to uni- 
cornis. Genus 25, Saligena Wlk., with its single species personata, 
has been long ago referred as a synonym of Raphia frater Grt. 
Seirodonta follows, and contains only the typical species. Hatima 
Wlk., is next, with semirufeseens Wlk. as type, and Dasylophia an- 
guina and interna as other species. I have, from an examination of 
the type, referred (Can. Eiit. xxiv, 35) H. semirufeseens to Sehizura 
unicornis and the species of Dasylophia are certainly not congeneric. 
By a lapsus calami I wrote the name Hatuna in my original note and 
so it was printed. Dasylophia must assuredly be restored. Ianassa 
lignicolor is type of its genus, and Edema transversata is referred to 
it as a synonym. I have examined the type and have referred it to 
Ellida gelida Grt. in Can. Ent. xxiv, 135. Genus Symmerista Hub. 

TEANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. FEBRUARY, 1893. 



]2 JOHN B. SMITH. 

is number 34, and has as type S. albicosta Hub. This species was 
figured by Hiibner as European, and was said by Treitschke, v, 2, 
167, to be albifrons H.-S., with an erroneous locality. Mr. Dyar 
seems to think it a good species, and that it may not even be congeneric 
with albifrons. I do not know it. Edema contains of American 
species, besides those in our list, obliqua Wlk., and plagiata Wlk. 
The former has been placed in the synonymy among the Noctuidse ; 
the latter was referred to Parorgyia by Messrs. Grote and Robinson 
from an examination of the type. Genus 41 is Stretchia Hy. Edw., 
with plusiiformis as sole species and type. As far back as 1882, Mr. 
Grote referred this genus to the Noctuidse and as a synonym of 
Perigrapha. Acherdoa (not Acherdes, as Mr. Kirby writes) ferraria 
has been referred as identical with Varina ornata Neum. (Can. Ent. 
xxiv, 135), and is surely not a Notodontid. It is pleasant to find Mr. 
Kirby wrong and myself right in transcribing, once in awhile; the 
boot is too often on the other leg. I realize too well the absolute 
impossibility of getting so vast a body of names rightly written, 
to make it a subject of criticism. Certila flexuosa I do not know; 
it is one of the undetermined Walker species. Hyparpax, genus 
82, contains our species only. Psaphidia Wlk., with resumens as sole 
species and type, is a noctuid. My catalogue of this family is in the 
printer's hands and I cannot say from recollection what species it is 
a synonym of. In Cerura, cineroides and Candida are both given 
specific rank, and bicuspis is not credited to America. Under Pan- 
thea we find leucomelcena Morr., which has been for many years rec- 
ognized as a synonym of Audela acronyctoides Wlk., and so appears 
in Mr. Grote's list of 1882. The genus is certainly noctuid, by the 
bye, and we have a number of species fully referable to it. In Glu- 
phisia, all our species appear as listed ; tsarlii has been referred to 
Bombycia long since and septentrionalis Wlk., here given specific 
rank, has been referred, though with a ? to trilineata by Mr. Grote. 
Thaumetopma Hub. replaces Cnethocampa Steph., and here we find 
grisea Neum. Ellida gelida Grt. appears under genus 117; as al- 
ready stated, transversata Walk, must replace the specific name. 
Under Notodonta we have stragida, basitriens, simplaria, plagiata and 
notaria of our species. The latter has been referred to Lophopteryx 
elegans Strk. Lophodonta contains only the species of our list. 
Ochrostigma Hub. replaces Drynobia Dup., and tortuosa Tepp. ap- 
pears under that name. Under Lophopteryx our two species appear, 
and to elegans Strk., var. a, orissa Strk., is added. No change ap- 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTEKA. 13 

pears in Pheosia. Melanopha Hub., Tentainen, replaces Ichthyura 
Hub., Verzeichniss, and under that name our species are listed. 
Palla is given specific rank, and so is indentata, else no change is 
made in our species. Apicalis is credited to Walker instead of to 
Barnston, and Mr. Kirby has consistently so credited all the species 
described by Walker from Barnston' s catalogue names ; correctly so 
in my opinion. In Datana, genus 153, no change is made, and the 
genus contains our species only. Nadata contains three species beside 
those from our fauna ; all Asiatic. No American species of Nystalea 
appears, though Mr. Grote has described an N. indiance referring it 
to the Noctuidse near Cueullia. From a casual examination of the 
type it is much nearer to Bombycia. As an ending to the family 
there appear 23 genera described by Walker, all save one with a 
single species only, and all either from Brazil or Sarawak. Whether 
they are all so intimately related, or whether Mr. Kirby found it 
impossible to place them more definitely does not appear. 

As Family XXI, appear the Sphingida? sandwiched in between 
the Notodontidse and Bombycidse. This is quite out of the accepted 
course, but I am not prepared to say that it is indefensible. The 
question of arrangement offers so many opportunities for individual 
judgment, as it is universally admitted that no linear arrangement 
can truly express all relationships, that almost any arrangement can 
be defended ; six subfamilies with 116 genera are recognized. At 
the head come Macroglossinse with Hemaris Dalm. as first genus. 
All our species are included under this term and nearly all the 
names are given specific rank. As to some of the forms where the 
synonymy is in dispute, this course was perhaps the safest, but in 
other cases I do not understand why Mr. Kirby ignored the conclu- 
sions reached in my monograph of the American species. Under 
Lepiseda only flavofasciata and ulalume are included. I have shown 
that it is much wider in its application in our fauna. Under Aello- 
po-% neither tantalus nor fadus are credited to our fauna. Euproser- 
pinus is used for phaeton and euterpe, and Dieneces Butler for clarkice 
and eircoe. Why eight genera, quite different in structural charac- 
ters, should be placed between these genera and Lepisesia, is a mys- 
tery to me. Under Perigonia we find taeita Druce, from the United 
States. It is unknown to me. Thyreus is marked preoccupied, and 
Sphecodina Blanch, is used instead, with abbotti as type. Amphion 
nessns and Deidamia inseriptum are both monotypic from our fauna. 
Gaurce and Juanita appear in Pterogon. I have shown that the 

TRANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. FEBRUARY, 1893. 



14 JOHN B. SMITH. 

genera last cited (except Pterogon) are structurally distinct from the 
typical Macroglossinse, and that they cannot remain united with it. 
Unzela japix is credited to America simply. I am not avvare that it 
occurs in our fauna. Triptogon is used for Enyo, marked preoccu- 
pied, and neither lugubris nor camertus are credited to our fauna. 

The Choerocampinae are Subfamily II. Thereira Hub. is used for 
Chcerocampa, and out of 115 species our fauna is credited with two 
only, and one of these — procne, does not belong to us. Deilephila 
contains two species from our fauna, and one of these is galii, var. 
intermedia Kirby, to which chammnerii is cited as synonym ; prob- 
ably correctly. Dupo Hiib. is used for vilis, linnei and typhon, while 
in Philampelus we find pandorus, and in Pholus, achemon. This is 
certainly extreme, for, while we may admit difference between Dupo 
and Philampelus, achemon and pandorus are so closely allied in all 
stages that generic separation becomes simply absurd. Carried out 
consistently on the same basis it would be almost impossible to get 
more than two or three species into any genus. Argeus labruscce is 
not credited to our fauna, though it has been in our lists for years. 
To Darapsa is referred versicolor Harr. Ampelophaga is confined to 
Asiatic species, and choerilus and myron appear in Everyx. 

Subfamily III is the Ambulicinse, in which we find Pachylia Wlk. 
P. ficus is not credited to our fauna, but P. lyneea Clem., from Texas, 
appears as a good species. 

Subfamily IV, the Sphinginse, begins with Diludia, which contains 
brontes as sole species from our fauna. Daremma contains undulosa 
as type, hagenii and catalpce, all from our fauna. Mr. Kirby does 
not seem to have recognized the close affinity between these species 
and amyntor, for he places the latter 14 genera further on. Dolba 
has our species as type, and one other from Mexico. Cocytius Hiib., 
Verzeichniss, has antmus as type, Amphonyx sinking into the syn- 
onymy. The species is not credited to our fauna. Under Phlege- 
thontius we find sexta Joh. as type, and this is our Sph. Carolina. As 
other species we have rustica, credited to America simply ; dalica, 
credited to Canada, and which has been referred as a form of rustica ; 
lycopersici, which has been referred to Carolina; quinquemaculata 
and cingulata, var. decolorata. Under Sphinx, oreodaphne is given 
specific rank, leucopJueta is credited to Texas, lugens is not credited 
to our fauna, andromedw is marked from Georgia to Honduras, as a 
good species, utahensis is given specific rank, vashti, Vancouver ensis 
and albescens are all made good species, and we find a S. ? capreolus 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 15 

Schauf., from Vermont ! Oargantua, with eremitm as type, is pro- 
posed for that species, eremiloides, gordius and luscitiosa. Mr. Kirby 
seems to have overlooked the fact that Mr. Grote, ten years ago and 
more, referred Mr. Strecker's species to lugens. Under Hyloicus we 
find saniptri Strk. as a distinct species ; plebeia, dollii, coloradus, 
•sequoias, strobi and eupressi. Under Lapara we still have bomby- 
eoides Wlk. as sole species and type. Chlwnogramma has jasminearum 
as type and only species, and Ceratomia, with amyntor, is in the same 
case. Ellema contains our species only, and Exedrium has still only 
one species. Dilophonota ello, omotrus, melancholiea and meriance, 
are all credited to America simply, though they are mostly confined 
to a very limited part of it. Obscura on the other hand, though it 
occurs in our fauna, is credited only to Mexico and the Antilles. 
Under Cautethia we have grotei only, and under Anceryx only ed- 
wardsii. 

The Manducinse, Subfamily V, contains only Manduca Hub., 
Tentamen, which replaces Acherontia Ochs., and this is unrepre- 
sented in our fauna. 

Subfamily VI is the Smerinthinse. Marumba Moore is used in 
place of Triptogon, marked preoccupied, and we are given three 
species: modesta, imperalor and cablei. The latter "species" one 
would suppose had certainly not a leg to stand upon, and why Mr. 
Kirby gives it unquestioned specific rank here is inexplicable to me. 
Under Smerinthus we have vancouverends and ophthalmicus, while 
under Eusmerinthus we have cerisii and astarte, though I have shown 
that they are all but geographical races of one species. Geminatus 
is given as distinct from Jamaicensis under the same generic term, 
and here, too, we find myops, a species which I have shown to be 
structurally distinct. In Paonias we have exccecata as type, and 
pavonina Geyer as other species. To Calasymbolus, adylus is referred 
as type, and one other species, oculata, from Mexico, is given a place 
here with a ?. In Cressonia we find juglandis, hyperbola, robinsonii 
and pallen-% all as good species. Finally, tailing off the list, we 
have Aretonotus hieidus. After such an review of the Sphingidse, 
a sort of helpless feeling predominates. Is there any use of writing 
monographs, lists or synopses when they seem to be unused or re- 
garded as of no avail by such men as Mr. Kirby ? To say nothing 
of the almost entire disregard of nearly all the original synonymy 
proposed by me in my monograph of the family, even old, accepted 
synonyms, established by Mr. Grote are not adopted in all cases. 

TKANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. FEBKUABY, 1893. 



16 JOHN B. SMITH. 

Not even for localities are our lists used, much less are our other 
publications referred to in matters of distribution. Demonstrations 
of structural identity or differences go for nothing. The races of 
Smerinthus eerysii are separated generically, while species very dif- 
ferent in structure are associated. 

To the Bombycidse, Family XXII, only 28 genera are referred, 
and the first of these, represented in our fauna, is Bombyx with mori 
as type. I am glad Mr. Kirby has so typified the old Linnaean 
genus. The only other species from our fauna is Thauma ribis Hy. 
Edw., only species of the genus. 

Family XXIII, the Drepanulid*, contains 31 genera, 17, or more 
than half of them, monotypic. Perophora, with 25 species, is re- 
ferred here, our fauna credited with one name only, which, however, 
typifies the genus. Oreta Wlk., supplants Dryopteris Grt., and our 
species are here listed : marginata is here given as a synonym of 
rosea, instead of a variety, as it stands in our lists. Lacosoma, with 
ehiridota as type and only species, is also referred here. Under 
Platypteryx, our species appear without change, save that fasciata 
Steph. is referred to "N. Amer. ?"; it is quite likely that the '? is 
justified. The Prionia bilineata of our lists reappears here in Fal- 
caria Haw., and that ends our representation in the family. Scanning 
the association here made, rather closely, leaves it an open question 
whether superficial resemblances rather than structural characters 
have not been too much controlling. 

Next follows the family Ceratocampidas, and in Anisota, which 
heads the series, we find our three species unchanged, two of them 
referred from Georgia only, the third from America. Dryocampa 
follows, with rubicunda as type, and six other species from Central 
and South America. Sphingicampa contains our species only, and 
var. immaeulata Jewett is missing. Quadrilineata and albolineata 
by the bye, are credited to Mexico only. Citheronia Hub. and Ea- 
des Hub. are united, and our species otherwise are unchanged. 
Coloradla ends the series. Omitting the last, the family is a sharply 
limited one. I confess that I would have hesitated about unitino- 
Eacle-s and GltJieronia, but am not prepared to say the union is not 
justifiable. It is only surprising to find it made by Mr. Kirby, who 
elsewhere finds no difficulty in separating much more nearly allied 
forms. 

To Family XXV, the Saturniidas, 68 genera are referred. Under 
Attacus we find cinchw, from Arizona, and erydna Shaw, as doubt- 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 17 

fully Texan. Erycina is an older name for splendidus, according to 
Mr. Kirby. Under Philosamia, used for a section of Hubner's 
Samio,, we find cynthia, which is credited to Java only, though it has 
been on our lists for years. Mr. Kirby has in some other cases given 
only the original home of a species and not the localities in which it 
has been accidentally introduced or domesticated. Samia Hub. is 
given cecropia as type, and Columbia, gloveri and californiea as other 
species. The last name justly replaces cecmothi Behr. In Callosa- 
mia we find ealleta, promethea and angulifera. This separation of 
the species, which I have united under the term Attacus, is perhaps 
justifiable when the fauna of the world is considered, though I con- 
fess I rather doubt the possibility of sharp definitions for all of the 
generic terms. Under Telea we have polyphemm as sole species and 
type. Luna appears under Tropcea, and next to it we find T. rossi 
Ross, from Toronto. It is extremely unlikely that this name refers 
to a distinct species. I have not seen the " Cat. Lep. Can. p. 5, note 
(1872)," where it is said to be described. Under Saturnia we find 
our galbina, but it is credited to Mexico only. Calosaturnia, with 
mendocino as sole species and type, is separated from it by six foreign 
genera. Automeris Hiib., is used to replace Hyperchiria for 77 spe- 
cies, among which our few American names are scattered. Lil/ith 
Strck. is given specific rank. Of Hyperchiria, proper, we have no 
species. Hemileuca is an American genus, and all but four of the 
species belong to our fauna. Nevadensi? is given specific rank, and 
hualapai, tricolor and sororius, are referred to Euleucophoeus. E. 
neumoegeni is referred to Argyrauges. In Pseudohazis, nuttali is given 
specific rank ; pica is made a synonym of hera instead of a variety 
of eglanterina, and marcata is made a variety of eglanterina instead 
of hera, as its describer thought. It is to be regretted that Mr. 
Kirby did not accept my limitation of the Saturniidse to those forms 
in which the antennae have two branches or pectinations to each 
joint. If structural characters are to be regarded as having any 
value at all in the Lepidoptera, this character is certainly as strong 
a one as occurs in the order. 

Family XXVI is the Lasiocampidse, with 148 genera. Not until 
we reach genus 85 do we find any familiar names, and then, under 
Phyllodesma Hiib. we find the species we have as Gastropacha in our 
lists. 6. occidentis Wlk. is here referred as a synonym of americana, 
which I am willing to accept as correct. Roseata Stretch is used 
instead of mildei Stretch, and here I cannot follow Mr. Kirby. On 

TRANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. (3) MARCH. 1893. 



18 JOHN B. SMITH. 

plate iv, fig. 12, of Mr. Stretch's work, a species is figured which, in 
the sheet of explanations, is called G. roseata N. S. No such spe- 
cies is described, but on p. 113 is described, at length, 6. mildei, and, 
after the name, the reference is to PI. iv, fig. 12. There is no sort 
of doubt that Mr. Stretch intended mildei as the name of the species, 
and that roseata was a mere tentative term unfortunately used in the 
explanations. I do not think that this constitutes such a character- 
ization of the species as will prevent an author's changing the name 
in the first description, even though the plate is issued a month be- 
fore the part containing the description appears. P. alascensis 
Stretch also appears in the list. Mr. Stretch never described any 
such species if his language is to be trusted. In comparing his 
mildei with allied species he speaks of G- alascensis Pack., and says 
his species is not " uniformly dark brown * * * etc.," quoting from 
some other publication. As a matter of fact, alascensis was never 
sanctioned by any description, and has no existing type. The name 
has no rightful place in any list. Carpinifolia Bdv. is also given as 
a synonym of americana, and Mr. Kirby thus goes further than any 
American author has yet done to my knowledge. To Gloveria are 
referred the species of our list and some Mexican forms. Genus 100 
is Heieropacha, with rileyana as sole species and type. Under Clisio- 
campa no change has been made in our species. Artace has punc- 
Uetriga as type, rubripalpis Feld. as variety, and albicans as other 
American species. By an error of date I was induced to give 
Felder's name priority in my list; it must be as Mr. Kirby has it. 
Our species of Tolype are unchanged. Apatelodes appears in this 
family quite out of place; and finally we have Acronyctodes insig- 
nata Hy. Edw. credited to Arizona. It was described from Mexico. 

The Pinarida? is a small family which is not represented in our 
fauna. 

Family XXVIII is the Zeuzeridse, Mr. Kirby rejecting the term 
Cossus in favor of Trypanus Ramb., because Cossus had been pre- 
viously used as a specific term. It is perhaps questionable whether 
this will be followed by lepidopterists generally. Qnadrina diasoma 
heads the family, and Trypanus (Cossus) is genus 4. All the species 
of our list are found here, but some changes are introduced. Cossus 
macmurtrici Peale is written macmurtrei Guer., dating 1829. Peale 
is not cited, but I believe that 1857 is the date of his opus; which 
determination is correct, I do not know. 

C. undosus Lint, is wrongly written nodosus. Nanus Strck. is re- 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 19 

ferred to Prionoxystus. In Hypopta we find our species unchanged. 
Prionoxystus contains our species and piger from Cuba. Cossula 
basalis appears in genus 21, in the full glory of its synonymy, generic 
and specific. Under Zeuzera we find canadensis H.-S. and decipiens 
Kirby. The latter name has as synonym Hepialus pyrinus Fab., 
Zeuzera pyrina Wlk. and Machesney. Mr. Kirby seems to consider 
that our species is not the same as the European form, and therefore 
names it, giving N. America as the habitat. I believe that Mr. 
Kirby is mistaken. The insect has been carefully compared with 
European specimens by competent entomologists and has been de- 
clared identical with them. It is still so limited in distribution, and 
its history since its appearance here is so well known, that its recent 
introduction is a matter scarcely questionable. It would be inter- 
esting to have Mr. Kirby point out the differences between the spe- 
cies. It is curious that Z. canadensis should not have been redis- 
covered by the many good Canadian collectors, and it raises a 
suspicion that the locality may have been erroneously given. 

Family XXIX is the Hepialidse, and the last of the series. The 
typical genus heads the list, and contains a large proportion of our 
species. Camus is not credited to our fauna, and Walker's identifi- 
cation of the species from Hudson's Bay Territory may easily have 
been incorrect. All the varieties in my list, save montanus Stretch, 
are here given specific rank. Argenteomaculatus, argentatus, quadri- 
guttatus, purpurascens and thule, are referred to Sthenopis, and in the 
other genera no species from our fauna appear. 

In its entirety Mr. Kirby's work is worthy of the highest praise. 
I have noted no important omissions and very few errors of any 
kind. Mr. Kirby shows a remarkable acquaintance with entomo- 
logical literature — an acquaintance in which no one who has not 
access to the vast wealth of the London libraries can hope to rival 
him. To the working entomologist the work is indispensable, and 
a very godsend. In typography and general get up, it leaves little 
to be desired. Mr. Kirby has apparently been at great pains to fix 
the types of genera, and in most cases his conclusions will have to 
be accepted. In the adoption of the Tentamen names I must de- 
cline to follow him ; but I have long felt that many of the Verzeich- 
niss names must come to be used in time. A serious fault in the 
work is, that it is not possible to learn from it what synonymy is 
original and what is adopted. As a guide to distribution, it is use- 
less, except in the most limited way. No pretence to completeness 

TRANS. AM. ESTT. SOC. XX. MARCH, 1893. 



20 JOHN B. SMITH. 

of bibliography is made, but a reference to fauna] monographs of 
families or groups would have added greatly to the value of the 
work and would not have taken much more space. As authority 
for specific rank it must be very cautiously used, in our fauna at 
least. With the family groupings, or rather the grouping of genera 
into families I disagree entirely. No series of insects affords better 
opportunities for family divisions on structural characters than do 
the Bombyces, and, to our shame be it said, in no series is the classifi- 
cation so utterly superficial, so completely at variance with all scien- 
tific bases than just here where the work is easiest. I do not believe 
that more than half a dozen of the twenty-nine families accepted are 
capable of clean scientific definition. This is not Mr. Kirby's fault 
of course; it is, however, disappointing that the catalogue not only 
makes no advance in the matter of classification, but does not even 
accept sharply limited groups where they have been so well defined 
that recognition is easy. I realize, of course, that Mr. Kirby could 
not in all cases make even a good guess at the real location of some 
of the described forms; but this does not affect the criticism made, 
since the bad associations occur also among forms well represented 
in the British Museum. 

To bring out somewhat more sharply the contrast between Mr. 
Kirby's work and the arrangement adopted in my recent list, which 
embodies the results attained by American students, I give in serial 
form the species credited to our fauna as they stand in the catalogue ; 
while to show, in a measure, the proportion of our own forms to 
those of the world, I retain Mr. Kirby's numbering to families, 
genera and species. 

Family I. CASTNIID^E. Family IV. AGARISTID^I. 

Genus 17. PSEUDALYPIA Hy. Edw. 
Genus MEGATHYMUS Scudd. 

1. crotchli* Hy. Edw. 

1. yuccas* Bdv. Lee. val . atmta Hy Edw 

2. cofaqui Strk. 

3. neumoegeni Hy. Edw. Genus 18. ALYPIODES Grt. 

1. crescens* Wlk. 
Family II. COCYTIID^. Alypia grotei Bdv. 

Not represented. Alypiodes fiavilmguis Grt. 

Genus 19. ANDBOLOMA Grt. 

Family III. URANIID^. L lorqllinii * G . & E . 

Not represented. 2. maccullocrxii Kirby. 

* Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 



21 



3. ridingsii Grt. 

4. similis Stretch. 

edwardsii Bdv. 

var. conjuncta Hy. Edw. 

5. brannani Stretch. 

Genus 20. ALYPIA Hub. 
1. octomaculata Fab. 
quadriguttalis Hub. 
Zygsena bimaculata Gmel. 
matuta Hy. Edw. 

3. albomaculata Stoll. 

octomaculalis Hub. 
Agarista octomaculata Latr. 

4. wittfleldt Hy. Edw. 

5. langtonii Coup. 

6. hudsonica Hy. Edw. 

7. mariposa Grt. & Eob. 

var. lunata Stretch. 
8 dipsaci Grt. & Eob. 
9. sacrament! Grt. A Eob. 

Genus 22. PSYCHOMORPHA Harr. 
1. epimenis* Dru. 

Genus 23. EUEDWARDSIA Grt. 
1. brillians* Neum. 

Genus 27. COPIDRYAS Grt. 
1. gloveri* Grt. & Eob. 

Genus 28. FENARIA Grt. 
1. sevorsa* Grt. 

Genus 29. EUTHISANOTIA Hub. 

1. unio* Hub. 

2. grata Fab. 

assimilis Bdv. 

3. brevipennis Stretch. 

5. sanctse Johannis Wlk. 

Genus 30. OIRIS Grt. 
1. wilsonii* Grt. 

Genus 35. METAGARISTA Wlk. 
3. sabulosa Bdv. 

Family V. CHALCOSIID^. 

Not represented. 



Family VI. THYMARIDJ3. 

Not represented. 

Family VII. ZYG^ENIDiE. 
Subfamily 1 . Anthrocerin m. 

Not represented. 

Subfam. 2. Adscitin^. 

Genus 9. TANTURA Kirby. 

1. majuscula* Hy. Edw. 

2. parvula Hy. Edw. 

Subfam. 3. Zyg^ninje. 

Not represented. 

Subfam. 4. THYRETiNiE. 

Not represented. 

Subfam. 4. Phatjdin^e. 

Not represented. 

Subfam. 5. Pyromorphiisle. 
Genus 66. ACOLOITHUS Clem. 
1. falsarlus* Clem. 
sanborni Pack. 

Genus 67. HARRISINA Pack. 

1. coracina Clem. 

2. texana Stretch. 

3. americana* Guer. 

4. australis Stretch. 

5. metallica Stretch. 
9. nigrina Graef. 

Genus 68. TRIPROCRIS Grt. 

1. smithsonianus* Clem. 

2. martenii French. 

3. aversus Hy. Edw. 

Genus 72. PYROMORPHA H.-S. 
1. dimidiata* H.-S. 
perlucida Clem. 
3. fusca Hy. Edw. 

Genus 73. LYCOMORPHA Harr. 
1. pholus Dru. 
3. desertus Hy. Edw. 



* Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 

TRANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. MARCH, 1893. 



22 



JOHN B. SMITH. 



4. centralis Wlk. 

6. constans Hy. Edw. 

7. rata Hy. Edw. 

10. latercula Hy. Edw. 

12. palmeri Pack. 

13. miniata Pack. 

14. coccinea Hy. Edw. 

Genus 74. ANATOLMIS Pack. 

1. grotei* Pack. 

2. fulgens Hy. Edw. 

Subfam. 7. Euchromtin^;. 

Genus 82. SYNTOMEIDA Harr. 
12. ipomese Harr.* 

ferox Wlk. 
euterpe H.-Sch. 

Genus 83. DAHANA Grt. 
1. atripennis* Grt. 

Genus 97. PHYLLCECIA Gue>. 
5. texanus Grt. 

plumipes Wlk. 

Genus 105. ERRUCA Wlk. 
1. pertyi H.-Sch. 

Genus 110. DIDASYS Grt. 
1. belse Grt* 

Genus 123. COSMOSOMA Hub. 
24. auge* L. 

omphale Hub. 



Genus 37. SCEPSIS Wlk. 
1. gravis Hy. Edw. 

4. fulvicollis* Hub. 

semidiaphana Harr. 

packardii Grt. 

var. pallens Hy. Edw. 

5. matthewi Hy. Edw. 

6. wrightii Stretch. 

7. edwardsii Grt. 

Subfam. 2. Ctenuchinj2. 

Genus 40. CTENUCHA Kirby. 

1. virginica* Charp. 
latreillana Kirby. 

Genus 41. COMPSOBRIUM Blanch. 
1. cresssonanum Grt. 

Genus 42. EUCTENUCHA Grt. 

1. ochroscapus Grt. A Rob. 

corvina Ed v. 

2. multifaria* Wlk. 

rubroscapus |[ Bdv. 

3. rubroscapus Men. 

walsinghami Hy. Edw. 

4. brunnea Stretch. 

5. sanguinaria Streek. 

Genus 43. PYGOCTENUCHA Grt. 

1. robinsonii Bdv. 

2. harrisii* Bdv. 

pyrrhoura Hulst. 
7. funerea Grt. 



Subfam. 8. Trichtjrin^:. 

Not represented. . 

Subfam. 9. AntichlorinvE. 

Not represented. 

Family VIII. ARCTIID,E. 

Subfam. 1. Charidiis^. 

Genus 29. NEL.PHE H.-Sch. 
6. Carolina Hy. Edw. 



Subfam. 3. Pkricopin^. 

Genus 51. GNOPHiBLA Wlk. 

1. vermiculata Grt. &, Eob. 
sequinoctialis [| Bdv. 
var. continua Hy. Edw. 

3. discreta Stretch. 

arizonx Frencli. 
morrisoni Druce. 

4. latipennis Bdv. 

hopfferi Grt. & Eob. 
6. clappiana Holl. 



■ Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 



23 



Subfam. 4. PH^EGOPTERINiE. 

Genus 88. ALEXICLES Git. 

1. aspersa* Grt. 

Genus 91. THEAGES Wlk. 
3. ? laqueata Hy. Edw. 

Genus 105. EtTPSEUDOSOMA Grt. 

2. floridum Grt. 

Genus 113. LOPHOCAMPA Harr. 

4. agassizii Pack. 
californica Wlk. 
angulifera Wlk. 
salicis Bdv. 

var. alnl Hy. Edw. 

5. maculata Harr. 
fulvoflava Wlk. 
gnttifera H.-Sch. 

6. caryee* Harr. 
annulifascia Wlk. 
porphyria H.-Sch. 

16. argentata Pack. 

18. sobrina Stretch. 

19. scapularis Stretch. 

20. ingens Hy. Edw. 

21. occidentalis French. 

22. subalpina French. 

Genus 114. EUHALISIDOTA Grt. 

5. longa Grt. 

6. pura Neum. 

Genus 115. HALISIDOTA Hub. 
2. davisii Hy. Edw. 

5. labecula Grt. 

6. edwardsii Pack. 
translucida Wlk. 
quercus Bdv. 

8. tessellaris* A. & S. 

antiphola Walsh. 

harrisii Walsh. 
12. mixta Neum. 
25. minima Neum. 
33. trigona Grt. 
43. cinnamomea Bdv. 
46. signiflcans Hy. Edw. 
49. ambigua Stretch [Strck.]. 

bolteri Hy. Edw. 



Genus 119. ECPANTHERIA Hub. 
13. sennettii Lint. 
37. creca Strck. 
39. ocularia* Fab. 

scribonia Stoll. 

oculatissima S. &, A. 

chryseis Oliv. 

cunegunda Beau v. 

ab. confluens Oberth. 

var. denudata Sloss. 
53. reducta Grt. 

Genus 121. AMELIA Kirby. 

1. roseata Wlk. 

Genus 122. ARACHNIS Geyer. 

2. picta Pack. 
7. zuni Schaus. 

Subfam. 5. Spilosomatin^k. 

Genus 140. ANTARCTIA Hub. 
12. beanii Neum. 

var. fuscosa Neum. 

Genus 142. ESTIGMENE Hub. 

I. acrsea Dm. 

var. caprotina Dm. 
pseuderminea Harr. 
californica Pack. 
packardii Schaupp. 
menthastrina Mart. 

3. permaculata Pack. 

nigrofiava Graef. 

4. albida Stretch. 

5. dubia Wlk. 

6. niobe Strck. 

Genus 143. SPILOSOMA Steph. 

7. virginica Fab. 

8. prima Sloss. 

10. latipenne Stretch. 

II. vestalis Pack. 
12. antigone Strek. 

Genus 151. HYPHANTRIA Harr. 

1. cunea Dm. 

punctatissima A. & S. 

2. textor* Harr. 

Candida Wlk. 

3. punctata Fitch. 



* Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 
TRANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. MARCH, 1893. 



24 



JOHN B. SMITH. 



Genus 152. ECTYPIA Clem. 
1. bivittata* Clem. 

Genus 153. ENBBYTHBA Hair. 

1. trimaculata Smith. 

2. phasma* Harv. 

Genus 157. CYCNIA Hub. 

1. eg-le Dru. 

2. eglenensis Clem. 

4. murina Stretch. 

5. immaculata Graef. 
(i. abdominalis Grt. 

7. spraguei Grt. 

8. bolteri Stretch. 

9. elegans Stretch. 

12. zonalis Grt. 

13. vivida Grt. 

14. perlevis Grt. 

16. inopinatus Hy. Edw. 

18. oregonensis Stretch. 

19. collaiis Fitch. 
antica Wlk. 
sciurus Bdv. 

20. pudens Hy. Edw. 

21. tenera* Hub. 

22. scepsiformis Graef. 

23. budea Hub. 

24. yosemite Hy. Edw. 

Genus 158. PAREUCHJBTES Grt. 

3. conspicua Neum. 

Genus 160. VANESSODES G. & B. 

1. clarus*G. k E. 

2. fuscipes Grt. 

Genus 174. SEIBABCTIA Pack. 

1. echo* A. AS. 

2. clio Pack. 

Genus 177. PYBBHAECT1A Pack. 
1. isabella* A. A S. 
calif ornica Pack. 

Subfam. 6. Arching. 

Genus 178. CODIOSOMA Stretch. 

1. fulva* Stretch. 

2. nigra Stretch. 



3. tricolor Stretch. 

4. eavesii Stretch. 

Genus 179. PHEAGMATOBIASteph. 
4. rubricosa Hair. 

assimilans Wlk. 

var. franconia Sloss. 

rubicnndaria Clem. 
12. vagans I5dv. 

pteridis Hy . Ed w. 

rufula Bdv. 

punctata Pack. 

var. prooa Hy. Edw. 

15. rubra Neum. 

16. walsinghami Butl. 

Genus 190. PABASEMIA Hub 

3. petrosa Wlk. 

var. cespites Grt. & Bob. 
var. cichorii Grt. & Eol>, 

4. geometrica Grt. 

5. geddesi Neum. 

6. selwynii Hy. Edw. 

7. modesta Pack. 

8. scudderii Pack. 

Genus 191. HAPLOA Hub. 

1. conscita Wlk. 
lactata Smith. 

2. vestalis Pack. 

3. fulvicosta Clem. 

4. Carolina Hair. 

5. clymene Brown. 
interruptomarginata Beau v. 
comma Wlk. 

6. contigua Wlk. 

7. colona Hub. 
clymene Esp. 

8. re versa Stretch. 

9. suffusa Smith. 

10. lecontei Guer. 
leucomelas H.-Sch. 

11. militaris Ha it. 

12. conflnis Wlk. 

13. confusa Lyra. 

Genus 196. CALLIMOBPHA Latr. 
11. virginalis Bdv. 

var. ochracea Stretch, 
var. guttata H.-Sch. 



* Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTEKA. 



25 



Genus 200. PLATARCTIA Pack. 

1. parthenos* Harr. 

americana Wlk. 

2. borealis Moeschl. 

6. yarrowi Stretch. 

7. remissa Hy. Edw. 

Genus 202. HYPERCOMPA Hub. 

I. caia* Linn. 

var. americana Harr. 
var. utahensis Hy. Edw. 
6. opulenta Hy. Edw. 

Genus 207. HYPHORAIA Hub. 
5. hyperborea Curt. 

Genus 213. APANTBSIS Wlk. 

1. virgo Linn. 

2. parthenice Kirby. 

3. nerea Bdv. 

4. michaba Grt. 

5. doris Bdv. 

6. arge Dru. 
dione Fab. 
eeelebs Mart. 
incarnutorubra Goeze. 

7. achaia Grt. & Eob. 
var. ochracea Stretch. 
var. barda Hy. Edw. 

8. stretchi Grt. 

9. shastaensis French. 
10. intermedia Stretch. 

II. simplicior Butl. 

12. saundersii Grt. 

13. approximata Stretch. 
14 persephone Grt. 

15. anna Grt. 

16. blakeiGrt. 

17. rectilinea French. 

18. phyllira Dru. 
B-ata Goeze. 
plantaginis Mart, 
var. lugubris Hulst. 

19. bolanderi Stretch. 

20. nevadensis Grt. & Eob. 
var. incorrupta Hy. Edw. 
var. sulphurica Neum. 
var. mormonica Neum. 
var. behri Stretch. 



21. superba Stretch. 

22. geneura Streck. 

23. dodgeiButl. 

24. williamsi Dodge. 

25. edwardsii Stretch. 

26. rhoda Butl. 

27. determinata Neum. 

28. pallida Neum. 

29. bimaculata Saund. 

30. nais* Dru. 
cuneata Goeze. 
defioriana Mart. 

% phalerata Harr. 
var. vittata Fab. 
radians Wlk. 
colorata Wlk. 
decorata Saund. 
var. incompleta Butl. 

31. franconia Slosson. 

32. flgurata Dru. 
ceramiea Hub. 
celia Saund. 

33. quadrinotata Strck. 

34. snowi Grt. 

35. ochreata Butl. 

36. placentia A. & S. 

37. flammea Neum. 

38. pallida Pack. 

39. excelsa Neum. 

43. virguncula Kirby. 

var. complicata Wlk. 
dahnrica Grt. 

44. oithona Stick. 

45. elongata Stretch. 

46. dieckii Neum. 

47. brucei Hy. Edw. 

Genus 215. ORODEMNIAS Wallengr. 
1. quenselii* Payk. 

strigosa Fab. 

var. gelida Moeschl. 
3. speciosa Moeschl. 
4 obliterata Stretch. 
6. cervinoides Strck. 

Genus 216. CALLARCTIA Pack. 
3. ornata* Pack. 

5. favorita Neum. 

6. arizonensis Stretch. 



* Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 

TBANS. AM. XNT. SOC. XX. (4) MARCH. 1893. 



2(! 



JOHN B. SMITH. 



Genus 222. LEPTARCTIA Stretch. 

1. stretchii Butl. 

2. dimidiata Stretch. 

3. boisduvali Butl. 

4. albifascia French. 

5. occidentalis French. 

6. latifasciata Butl. 

7. fulvofasciata Butl. 

8. californiee* Wlk. 
adnata Bd v. 

9. wrig-htii French. 

10. decia Bdv. 

11. lena French. 

Family IX. CYMBIDJ5. 

Genus 6. EARIAS Hub. 
25. obliquata Hy. Edw. 



Genus 122. CRAMBIDIA Pack. 

1. pallida* Pack. 

5. Candida Hy. Edw. 

6. casta Pack. 

7. cephalica Grt. & Bob. 

Genus 126. EUSTIXIA Hub. 

1. pupula* Hub. 

Genus 144. COSCINIA Hub. 
6. ampla Grt. 

Genus 147. UTETHEISA Hub. 

2. ornatrix Linn. 

var. hybrida Butl. 

3. bella Linn. 

var. intermedia Butl. 



Family X. LITHOSIID^E. 

Genus 11. HYPOPREPIA Hub. 

1. fucosa* Hub. 

miniata Kirby. 
vittata Harr. 

2. plumbea Hy. Edw. 

3. cadaverosa Strck. 

4. inculta Hy. Edw. 


Genus 163. EUBAPHE Hub. 

1. diminutiva Graef. 

2. belfragrei Stretch. 

3. costata Stretch. 


5. aurantiaca* Hub. 
rubicundaria Hub. 

6. brevicornis Wlk. 

7. ferrug-inosa Wlk. 


Genus 12. CISTHENE Wlk. 


8. obscura Stretch. 


4. unifascia Grt. & Bob. 


ferruginosa Pack. 


5. tenuifascia Harr. 


9. quinaria Grt. 


6. packardii Grt. 


choriona Beak. 


7. subjecta* Wlk. 


10. nigricans Beak. 


9. plumbea Stretch. 


14. opella Grt. 


16. lactea Stretch. 


rubicundaria Wlk. 


Genus 13. PYRALIDIA Feld. 


15. opelloides Graef. 
18. lseta Guer. 


2. faustinula Bdv. 


19. rubropicta Pack. 


var. fusca Stretch. 


20. ostenta Hy. Edw. 


3. nexa Bdv. 


21. intermedia Graef. 


grisea Pack. 


22. treatii Grt. 


4. deserta* Feld. 


23. frag-ilis Strck. 


Genus 14. HYALOSCOTES Butl. 


24. rosa French. 


1. fumosa* Butl. 


Genus 166. EUDULE Hub. 


Genus 92. LITHOSIA Fab. 


1. texana French. 


37. argillaeea Pack. 


2. unicolor Bob. 


bicolor Grt. 


3. immaculata Beak. 


55. rubropicta Pack. 


var. trimaculata Beak. 



* Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 



27 



Genus 179. PAGARA Wlk. 
1. simplex* Wlk. 
murina Wlk. 

Genus 182. EUPHANESSA Pack. 

1. mendica* Wlk. 

biseriata H.-Soh. 

2. meridiana Sloss. 

Genus 190. CLEMENSIA Pack. 

1. albata* Pack. 

albida Wlk. 
cana Wlk. 

2. umbrata Pack. 

3. irrorata Hy. Edw. 

Genus 195. NYCTEOLA Hub. 
9. lintnerana Spey. 
10. columblana Hy. Edw. 

Genus 199. EULITHOSIA Hy. Edw. 

1. composita* Hy. Edw. 

2. thoracica Hy. Edw. 

Genus 201. NOL.A Leach. 
5. minuscula Zell. 

fuscula Grt. 
14. anfracta Hy. Edw. 
34. ovilla Grt. 
40. hyemalis Stretch. 

Genus 205. ARGYROPHYES Grt. 

1. pustulata Wlk. 

nigrofasciata Zell. 
obaurata Morr. 

2. ciliaoides* Grt. 

Genus 210. LEBENA Wlk. 

1. trlnotata* Wlk. 

sexmaculata Grt. 

2. minna Butl. 

4. sorghiella Eiley. 
8. melanopa Zell. 

Family XL HYPSIDiE. 

Not represented. 

Fam. XII. CALLIDULID.E. 

Not represented. 



Fam. XIII. CYLLOPODID^. 

Not represented. 

Fam. XIV. DIOPTID.M 

Genus 3. PHRYGiVNIDIA Pack. 
1. calif ornica* Pack. 

Genus 4. DIOPTIS Hub. 
18. megrsera Fab. 

Fam. XV. NYCTEMERIDiE. 

Not represented. 

Fam. XVI. LIPARID^. 

Genus 9. CINGILIA Wlk. 
1. humeralis* Wlk. 

Genus 22. CARAMA Wlk. 
10. cretata Grt. 

Genus 61. ARTAXA Wlk. 
54. (?) ingenita Hy. Edw. 

Genus 110. PARORGYIA Pack 
1. leucophsea A. & S. 

4. clintonii Grt. & Bob. 

5. achatnia* A. & S. 

6. parallela Grt. A Eob. 

7. obliquata Grt. & Eob. 

8. cinnamomea Grt. & Eob. 

9. basiflava Pack. 

Genus 113. LAGOA Harr. 

1. pyxidifera A. & 8. 

2. opercularis A. & S. 

lanuginosa Clem. 

3. crispata Pack. 

Genus 135. DASYCHIRA Hub. 

8. rossii Curt. 

9. groenlandica Horn. 

10. lintneri Grt. 

Genus 143. CALOCASIA Ocus. 

2. diversicolor Morr. 

3. flavicornis Smith. 

Genus 147. NERICE Wlk. 
1. bidentata* Wlk. 



* Indicates that the species 
TBANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. 



is the type of the genus. 

MABCH, 1893. 



28 



JOHN B. SMITH. 



Genus 154. COTHOCIDA Wlk. 
1. nigrifera* Wlk. 

Genus 164. NOTOLOPHUS Germ. 
17. antiquus* Linn. 
nova Fitch. 
badia Hy. Edw. 

31. definitus Pack. 

32. vetustus Bdv. 

33. gulosus Hy. Edw. 

34. canus Hy. Edw. 

35. leucostigma A. k S. 

36. leucographus Geyer. 

var. olivacea Hy. Edw. 
61. inornatus Beut. 

F. XVII. HETEROGYNID.E 

Not represented. 

Fam. XVIII. PSYCHID^. 

Genus 2. OIKETICTJS Guild. 

1. abbottii Grt. 

2. davidsoni Hy. Edw. 

Genus 3. THYRIDOPTERYX Steph. 

1. ephemerseformis* Haw. 

plumifera Steph. 
coniferarum Pack. 

2. meadii Hy. Edw. 

Genus 8. MANATHA Moore. 
2. edwardsii Heyl. 

Genus 25. CHALIA Moore. 
14. rlleyi Heyl. 

Genus 32. PSYCHE Schrank. 

12. confederata Grt. A Rob. 

13. carbonaria Pack. 

14. coniferella Hy. Edw. 

15. fragmentella Hy. Edw. 

Genus 33. PLATCECETICUS Pack. 
1. gloverii* Pack. 

Genus 44. CEDONIA Kirby. 
1. exigua* Hy. Edw. 

Genus 45. SAPINELLA Kirby. 
1. mora* Grt. 



Fam. XIX. LIMACODID^. 

Genus 33. SEMYRA Wlk. 
4. beutenmuellerl Hy. Edw. 

Genus 36. PHOBETRTJM Hub. 

1. pithecium* A. &, S. 

abbotana Hub. 

2. hyalinum Walsh. 

3. nigricans Pack. 

4. tetradactylus Walsh. 

Genus 37. ADONETA Clem. 

1. spinuloldes* H.-Sch. 

voluta Clem. 

2. leucosigma Pack. 

3. pygmsea Grt. 

Genus 38. EULIMACODES Moeschl. 
1. scapha Harr. 
undifera Wlk. 

Genus 52. NOCHELIA Clem. 
1. tardigrada* Clem. 

Genus 53. EMPRETIA Clem. 

I. stimulea* Clem. 

Genus 54. SIBINE H.-Sch. 

II. (?) ephippiatus Harr. 

Genus 67. PARASA Moore. 

49. chlorls H.-Seh. 
fraterna Grt. 

50. virldus Keak. 
vernata Pack. 

Genus 68. VARINA Neum. 
1. ornata* Neum. 

Genus 69. EUCLEA Hub. 

2. vlridiclava Wlk. 

3. querceti H.-Sch. 
cippus A. & S. 

var. delphinii Bdv. 
var. interjecta Dyar. 
var. monitor Pack. 

4. quercicola H.-Sch. 

5. bifida Pack. 

6. ferruginea Pack. 



' Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 



AMEBICAK LEPIDOPTEEA. 



29 



7. punctulata Clem. 

9. incisa Harv. 
10. elliotii Pears. 
17. nana Dyar. 

Genus 70. MONOLETJCA Grt. A Eob. 

1. semifascia* Wlk. 

2. sulphurea Grt. 

3. obliqua Hy. Edw. 

4. subdentosa Dyar. 

Genus 78. SOSIOSA Kirby. 
1. textula* H.-Seh. 

Genus 79. TORTRICIDIA Pack. 

1. flavula H.-Sch. 

2. pallida H.-Sch. 

3. testacea* Pack. 

4. ferrigera Wlk. 

Genus 82. KBONBA Eeak. 

I. minuta* Eeak. 

Genus 83. APODA Haw. 

7. trigona Hy. Edw. 

8. tetraspilaris Wlk. 

9. biguttata Pack. 
10. Y-inversa Pack. 

II. parallela Hy. Edw. 

Genus 88. SICYEOSBA Grt. 

1. Inornata Grt. & Eob. 

2. nasoni Grt. 

3. rude Hy. Edw. 

Genus 89. PACKARDIA Grt. & Eob. 

1. elegans* Pack. 

2. fusca Pack. 

3. g-eminata Pack. 

4. albipunctata Pack. 

5. ocellata Grt. 

6. nigropunctata Good. 

7. goodellii Grt. 

Genus 91. LITHACODES Pack. 

1. fasciola* H.-Sch. 

2. laticlavia Clem. 

3. flexuosa Grt. 

4. csesonia Grt. 



5. reotilinea Grt. & Eob. 

latomia Harv. 

6. graefii Pack. 

Genus 94. HETEROGENEA Knoch. 
5, shurtleffl Pack. 

Fam. XX. NOTODONTID^. 

Genus 12. LITODONTA Harv. 

I. hydromeli* Haw. 

Genus 13. HETEROCAMPA Doubl. 

2. athereo Harr. 

3. astarte* Doub. 
menas Harr. 
varia Wlk. 

4. obliqua Pack. 

var. brunnea Grt. & Eob. 

5. lunata Hy. Edw. 

7. trouvelotii Pack. 

8. subrotata Harv. 

9. celtiphag'a Harv. 

II. pulverea Grt. & Eob. 
13. marthesia Cram. 

tessclla Pack. 
turbida Wlk. 

15. elong-ata Grt. & Eob. 

16. guttivitta Wlk. 
albiplaga Wlk. 
indeterminata Wlk. 
mucorea H.-Sch. 

20. cbapmani Grt. 

25. biundata Wlk. 
clivatus Pack. 

26. viridescens Wlk. 

27. umbrataWlk. 

28. cinerea Pack. 
sobria Wlk. 

29. unicolor Pack. 

30. marina Pack. 

31. manteo Doubl. 
cinerascens Wlk. 
subalbicans Grt. 

32. doubledayi Scudd. 

34. belfrag-ei Grt. 

35. thyatiroides Wlk. 

36. signiflcata Wlk. 

37. nigrosignata Wlk. 



* Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 



TRANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. 



MAECH, 1893. 



30 



JOHN B. SMITH. 



38. mollis Wlk. 

39. superba Hy. Edw. 
53. nivea Neum. 

Genus 21. CEDBMASIA Pack. 

1. concinna* A. & S. 

2. semirufescens Wlk. 

3. exlmia Grt. 

4. nitlda Pack. 

5. badia Pack. 

6. salicis Hy. Edw. 

7. riversii Behr. 

8. perangulata Hy. Edw. 

Genus 23. SCHIZUBA Doubl. 

1. unicornis A. k S. 

2. humilis Wlk. 

3. conspecta Hy. Edw. 

4. edmandsii Pack. 

5. apicalis Grt. A Eob. 

6. leptinoldes Grt. 

7. mustelina Pack. 

8. ipomeee* Doubl. 

biguttatus Pack. 

duceiis Wlk. 

eorticea Wlk. 

eompta Wlk. 

eonfusa Wlk. 

var. cinereofrons Pack. 

ustipennis Wlk. 

9. telifer Grt, 
10. harrisii Pack. 

Genus 25. SALIGENA Wlk. 
1. personata* Wlk. 

Genus 26. SEIRODONTA Grt. 
1. bilineata* Pack. 
associata Wlk. 
ulmi Harr. 

Genus 27. HATIMA Wlk. 

1. semirufescens* Wlk. 

2. anguina A. A S. 

cucullifera H.-Sch. 
punctata Wlk. 
cana Wlk. 

3. interna Pack. 

tripartita Wlk. 



Genus 30. IANASSA Wlk. 
1. lignicolor* Wlk. 
virgata Pack. 
lignigera Wlk. 
transversata Wlk. 
var. coloradensis Hy. Edw. 

Genus 34. SYMMERISTA Hub. 

1. albicosta* Hub. 

Genus 40. EDEMA Wlk. 

2. albifrons* A. & S. 
4. packardii Morr. 

6. (?) obliqua Wlk. 

7. (?) plagiata Wlk. 

Genus 41. STRETCHIA Hy. Edw. 
1. plusiiformis* Hy. Edw. 

Genus 42. ACHERDES Wlk. 
1. ferraria* Wlk. 

Genus 80. CERTILA Wlk. 
1. flexuosa* Wlk. 

Genus 82. HYPARPAX Hub. 

1. aurora* A. & S. 

venusta Wlk. 
rosea Wlk. 

2. aurostriata Graef. 

Genus 83. PSAPHIDIA Wlk 
1. resumens* Wlk. 

Genus 84. CERTTRA Sclirank. 

15. scolopendrina Bdv. 

16. cinerea Wlk. 

17. cinereoides Dyar. 

18. scitiscripta Wlk. 

19. borealis Gner. 
furcula A. & S. 

20. alblcoma Stick. 

21. Candida Lintn. 

22. occidentalis Lintn. 
borealis Havr. 

23. aquilonaris Lintn. 
25. multiscripta Eiley. 
38. modesta Hudson. 



* Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 



AMERICAN EEPIDOPTERA. 



31 



Genus 89. PANTHEA Hub. 
3. leucomelsena Morr. 

Genus 93. THAUMETOPCEA Hub. 
10. grisea Neum. 

Genus 96. GLUPHISIA Bdv. 

3. septentrionis Wlk. 

4. trilineata Pack. 

5. (?) tearlii Hy. Edw. 

6. (?) wrightii Hy. Edw. 

7. (?) severa Hy. Edw. 

8. ridenda Hy. Edw. 

9. rupta Hy. Edw. 

10. albofascia Hy. Edw. 

11. formosa Hy. Edw. 

12. avimacula Hudson. 

Genus 117. ELLIDA Grt. 
1. gelida* Grt. 

Genus 122. NOTODONTA Ochs. 

23. stragula Grt. 

24. basitriens Grt. 

25. simplaria Graef. 

26. plagiata Wlk. 

27. notaria Hy. Edw. 

Genus 125. LOPHODONTA Pack. 

1. angulosa A. & S. 

2. georgica H.-Sch. 

3. ferruginea Pack. 

4. plumosa Hy. Edw. 

Genus 129. OCHROSTIGMA Hub. 
4. tortuosa Tepp. 

Genus 137. LOPHOPTERYX Steph. 

14. americana Haw. 

15. elegans Strck. 
var. orissa Strck. 

Genus 142. PHEOSIA Hub. 

10. rimosa Pack. 

11. portlandia Hy. Edw. 

12. dimidiata H.-Sch. 

13. californica Stretch. 

Genus 140. MELALOPHA Hub. 
7. apicalis Wlk. 



8. inclusa Hub. 
anastemosis S. & A. 
americana Harr. 

9. incarcerata Bdv. 

10. jocosa Hy. Edw. 

11. strigosa Grt. 

12. luculenta Hy. Edw. 

13. ornafca Grt. & Eob. 

14. inornata Neum. 

15. astorlss Hy. Edw. 

16. palla French. 

17. inversa Pack. 
L8. indentata Pack. 

19. alboslgna Fitch. 

20. vau Fitch. 

21. brucei Hy. Edw. 

22. biflrla Hy. Edw. 

Genus 153. DATANA Wlk. 
Unchanged. Contains our species only. 

Genus 155. NADATA Wlk. 

1. doubledayi Pack. 

var. oregonensis Butl. 

2. gibbosa* A. & S. 

3. behrensii Hy. Edw. 

Fam. XXI. SPHINGID.E. 
Subfam. 1. Macroglossin^e. 

Genus 1. HEMARIS Dalm. 

1. fuscicaudis Wlk. 

2. floridensis Grt. & Eob. 

3. tbysbe Fab. 
pelasgus Cram. 
cimbiciformis Steph. 
etolus Bdv. 

4. ruflcaudls Kirby. 

5. buffaloensis Grt. & Rob. 

6. uniformis Grt. & Rob. 

7. pyramus Bdv. 

8. gracilis Grt. & Eob. 

12, axillaris Grt. & Eob. 
grotei Butl. 

13. marginalia Grt. 

21. difflnis Bdv. 
fnsiformis A . & S. 

22. sethra Strck. 



' Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 



TKANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. 



MARCH, 1893. 



32 



JOHN B. SMITH. 



23. palpalis Grt. 

24. tenuis Git. 
fumosa Strek. 

25. thetis Grt. & Bob. 

26. metathetis Butl. 

27. rubens Hy. Edw. 

28. senta Strck. 

29. brucei French. 

30. cynoglossum Hy. Edw. 

Genus 3. LBPISBSIA Grt. 

1. flavofasciata* Wlk. 

2. ulalume Strck. 

Genes 11. EUPBOSEBPINUS G. & B. 

1. phseton* Grt. & Eob. 

errato Bdv. 

2. euterpe Hy. Edw. 

Genus 12. DIENECES Butl. 

1. clarkiae* Bdv. 

victoria Grt. 

2. circse Hy. Edw. 

Genus 14. PEBIGONIA H.-Sch. 
10. tacita Druce. 

Genus 17. SPHECODINA Blanch. 
1. abbotii* Swains. 

Genus 18. AMPHION Hub. 
1. nessus* Cram. 

Genus 19. DEIDAMIA Clem 

1. inscriptum* Harr. 

Genus 21. PTEBOGON Bdv. 

3. gaurse A. & S. 

4. juanita Strck. 

5. terlooi Hy. Edw. 

Subfam. 2. Choerocampin^;. 

Genus 40. THEBETBA Hub. 
81. tersa Linn. 
88. procne Clem. 

Genus 46. DEILEPHILA Ochs. 

2. lineata Fab. 

daucus Cram. 



6. galii Eott. 

var. intermedia Kirby. 
chamsenerii Harv. 

7. oxybaphi Clem. 

Genus 47. DUPO Hub. 

1. vitis* Linn. 

fasciatus Sulz. 
jussieuss Hiib. 

2. linnei Grt. & Eob. 

vitis Stoll. 

Genus 48. PHILAMPELUS Harv. 

3. pandoras* Hiib. 

ampelophaga Harr. 
satellitia Dru. 
6. satellitia Linn. 

Genus 49. PHOLUS Hiib. 
1. achemon* Dru. 
erantor Cram. 

Genus 52. DABAPSA Wlk. 
5. versicolor Han-. 

Genus 55. EVEBYX Menetr. 
1. choerilus Cram. 

azalese S. & A. 

chlorinda Mart. 
3. myron Cram. 

pampinatrix A. & S. 

var. cnotus Hiib. 

Subfam. 3. Ambulicin^;. 

Genus 61. PACHYLIA Wlk. 
1. lyncea Clem. 

Subfam. 4. Sphinginje. 

Genus 65. DILTXDIA Grt. & Bob. 
1. brontes Dru. 

Genus 67. DABEMMA Wlk. 

1. undulosa* Wlk. 

brontes Bdv. 

2. hag-eni Grt. 

3. catalpse Bdv. 



Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 



AMERICAN LEPLDOPTERA. 



H:S 



Genus 69. DOLBA Wlk. 
1. hyleeus* Dru. 

priiii A. &, S. 

Genus 76. PHLEGETHONTIUS Hub. 

1. rustica Fab. 
chionanthi A. & S. 

2. dalica Kirby. 

13. sexta* Joh. 
Carolina Linn. 

14. lycoperslcl Bdv. 

15. dilucida Hy. Edw. 

16. quinquemaculata Haw. 
Carolina Don. 

celeus Hiib. 
35. clngulata Fab. 
convolvuli Dru. 
affinis Goeze. 
drursei Don. 
pungens Esch. 
var. decolora Hy. Edw. 

Genus 77. SPHINX Linn. 

2. chersis Hiib. 
cinerea Han'. 

3. oreodaphne Hy. Edw. 

4. libocedrus Hy. Edw. 

5. insolita Lint. 

6. perelegans Hy. Edw. 

7. leucophseata Clem. 
9. andromedse Bdv. 

10. separata Neuni. 

14. canadensis Bdv. 
plota Strck. 

15. kalmise A. & S. 

16. (?) capreolus Schauf. 

17. drupiferarum A. A S. 

18. vancouverensis Hy. Edw. 

19. vashti Strck. 

20. utahensis Hy. Edw. 

21. albescens Tepp. 

22. elsa Strck. 

Genus 78. GABGANTUA Kirby. 

1. eremitus* Hiib. 

sordida Harr. 

2. eremitoides Strck. 

3. gordius Stoll. 

pwcila Steph. 

4. luscitiosa Clem. 



Genus 80. HYLOICUS Hiib. 
2. saniptri Strck. 
9. plebeia Fab. 

10. dollii Neum. 

11. coloradus Smith. 

12. sequoiee Bdv. 

% coniferarum Wlk. 
14. strobi Bdv. 
17. cupressi Bdv. 

Genus 82. LAP ABA Wlk. 
1. bombycoides* Wlk. 

Gen. 83. CHL-SiNOGBAMMA Smith 
1. jasminearum* Guer. 

Genus 84. CEBATOMIA Harr. 
1. amyntor* Geyer. 
quadricornis Harr. 

Genus 85. ELLEMA Clem. 

1. coniferarum A. & S. 

cana Mart. 

2. harrisil Clem. 

coniferarum Harr. 

3. pineum Lint. 

Genus 86. EXEDBITJM Git. 
1. halicarnise* Strck. 

Genus 87. DILOPHONOTA Burni. 

1. ello* Linn. 

2. cenotrus Stoll. 

3. melancbolica Grt. 

9 cinerosa Grt. 

4. festa Hy. Edw. 
7. merianse Grt. 

Genus 90. CAUTETHIA Grt. 
3. grotei Hy. Edw. 

Genus 91. ANCEBYX Wlk. 
3. edwardsii Butl. 

Subfam. 5. Manducinjs. 

Not represented. 



* Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 

TRANS AM. ENT. SOC. XX. (5) 



APRIL, 1893. 



34 



JOHN B. SMITH. 



Subfam. 6. SftlERINTHINiE. 

Genus 105. MARUMBA Moore. 

33. modesta Harr. 
prineeps Wlk. 
populieola Bdv. 

var. occidentalis Hy. Ed w. 

34. imperator Strck. 

35. cablei Von Eeiz. 

Genus 109. SMERINTHUS Latr. 
3. vancouverensis Eutl. 
5. ophthalmicus Bdv. 

var. pallidulus Hy. Edw. 

Genus 110. ETJSMERINTHUS Grt. 

3. geminatus* Say. 

4. cerisii Kirby. 

5. astarte Strck. 
7. myops A. & S. 

rosacearum Bdv. 

Genus 111. PAONIAS Hub. 

1. excsecata* A. & S. 

2. pavoninse Geyer. 

Genus 112. CALASYMBOLUS Grt. 
1. astylus* Dm. 
io Gray. 

Genus 113. CRESSONIA Grt. & Rob. 

1. jugrlandis* A. & S. 

instabilis Mart. 

2. hyperbola Sloss. 

3. robinsonii Butl. 

4. pallens Strck. 

Genus 116. ARCTONOTUS Bdv. 
1. lucidus* Bdv. 

Fam. XXII. BOMBYCIDiE. 

Genus 11. BOMBYX Linn. 
1. mori Linn. 

Genus 27. THAUMA Hy. Edw. 
1. ribis* Hy. Edw. 



F. XXIII. DREPANULID.E. 

Genus 3. PEROPHORA Harr. 
1. melsheimeri* Harr. 
egenaria Wlk. 

Genus 5. ORETA Wlk. 

17. rosea Wlk. 
marginata Wlk. 
americana H.-Sch. 
formula Grt. 

18. irrorata Pack. 

Genus 7. LACOSOMA Grt. 
1. chiridota* Grt. 

Genus 11. PLATYPTERYX Lasp. 

13. arcuata Wlk. 
fabula Grt 

14. siculifer Pack. 

15. genicula Grt. 
27. fasciata Steph. 

uncula Haw. 

Genus 14. FALCARIA Haw. 
4. bilineata Pack. 

XXIV. CERATOCAMPID^E. 

Genus 1. AN1SOTA Hub. 

3. stigma Fab. 

4. senatoria S. & A. 

5. virginiensis* Dru. 

pellucida S. & A, 
astynome Oliv. 

Genus 2. DRYOCAMPA Harr. 
1. rubicunda* Fab. 
var. alba Grt. 
pallida Bowles. 

Genus 3. SPHINGICAMPA Walsh. 

1. bicolor* Harr. 

distigma Walsh. 

var. suprema Neum. 

2. bisecta Lintn. 

var. nebulosa Neum. 
5. heiligbrodti Harv. 



AMERICAN I/EPIDOPTEKA. 



35 



Genus 6. CITHEBONIA Hub. 
2. regalis* Fab. 
regia S. & A. 
laocoon Cram. 
ab. ssengeri Neum. 

7. sepulchralis Git. & Bob. 

8. infernalis Strck. 
11. imperialis Dru. 

imperatoria S. & A. 
didyma Beauv. 
var. punctatissima Neum. 
var. nobilis Neum. 

Genus 7. COLORADIA Blake. 
1. pandora* Blake. 

Fam. XXV. SATURNIID^E. 

Genus 3. ATTACUS Linn. 
13. cinctus Tepp. 
18. erycina Shaw. 

hesperus Cram. 

splendidus Beauv. 

Genus 6. SAMIA Hub. 

1. cecropia Linn. 

2. Columbia Smith. 

3. gloveri Strck. 

var. reducta Neum. 

4. califomica Git. 

ceanothi Behr. 
euryalus Strck. 

Genus 7. CALLOSAMIA Pack. 

1. calleta Westw. 

polyommata Tepp. 

2. promethea Dru. 

3. angulifera Wlk. 

Genus 8. TELEA Hub. 
1. polyphemus* Cram. 
paphia Linn. 
fenestra Perry. 
var. oculea Neum. 

Genus 35. TROP-EA Hub. 

8. luna Linn. 

9. rossi Eoss. 



Genus 47. SATURNIA Schrank. 
17. galbina Clem. 

Genus 54. CALOSATTJRNIA Smith. 

I. mendocino* Behrens. 

Genus 58. AUTOMERIS Hub. 

II. zelleri Git. & Bob. 

39. pamina Neum. 

var. aurosea Neum. 

40. zephyria Grt. 

47. io Fab. 
varia Wlk. 
fabricii Bdv. 
corollaria Perry. 

48. lilith Strck. 

Genus 62. HEMILETJCA Wlk. 

1. yavapai Neum. 

2. juno Pack. 

3. grotei Grt. & Bob. 

4. diana Pack. 

5. maja Dru. 

proserpina Fab. 

var. lucina Hy. Edw. 

6. nevadensis Stretch. 

7. californise Wright. 

8. electra Wright. 

Genus 63. ARGYRAUGES Grt. 
1. neumoegeni* Hy. Edw. 

Genus 67. PSEUDOH AZIS Grt. & Bob. 

1. eglanterina* Bdv. 

var. shastaensis Behrens. 
var. denudata Neum. 
var. marcata Neum. 

2. nuttalli Strck. 

var. arizonensis Strck. 

3. hera Harr. 

pica Wlk. 

Genus 68. EULEUCOPH.EUS Pack. 

1. tricolor* Pack. 

2. sororius Hy. Edw. 

3. hualapai Neum. 

4. neumoegeni Hy. Edw. 



TEANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. 



apeii., 1893. 



8(i 



JOHN B. SMITH. 



F. XXVI. LASIOCAMPID^E. 

Genus 85. PHYLLODESMA Hub. 

4. americana Harr. 

ilicifolia A. & S. 
occidentis Wlk. 
carpinifolia Bdv. 

5. ferruginea Pack. 

6. californica Pack. 

7. roseata Stretch. 

mildei Stretch. 

8. alascensis Stretch. 



Genus 144. APATELODES Pack. 

1. torrefacta A. & S. 

var. floridana Hy. Edw. 

2. angelica Grt. 

hyalinopunctata Pack. 

3. indistincta Hy. Edw. 

G. 145. ACRONYCTODES Hy. Edw. 
1. insignata* Hy. Edw. 

Genus RHAGONIS Wlk. 
1. bicolor* Wlk. 



Genus 90. GLOVERIA Pack. 
1. arizonensis* Pack. 
6. gargamella Strck. 

Genus 100. HETEROPACHA Harv. 

I. rileyana* Harv. 

Genus 117. CLISIOCAMPA Curt. 

5. californica Pack. 
pseudoneustria Bdv. 

6. fragilis Stretch. 

7. strigosa Stretch. 
9. erosa Stretch. 

10. thoracica Stretch. 

II. incurva Hy. Edw. 

12. disstria Hub. 
neustria A. & S. 
sylvatica Harr. 
drupacearum Bdv. 

13. americana Fab. 
castrensis A. & S. 
decipiens Wlk. 
frutetorum Bdv. 

Genus 120. ARTACE Wlk. 

1. punctistriga* Wlk. 

var. rubripalpis Feld. 

2. albicans Wlk. 

punctivena Wlk. 

Genus 129. TOLYPE Hub. 

1. laricis Fitch. 

minuta Grt. 

2. velleda* Stoll. 

3. distincta French. 



Fam. XXVII. PINARID^l 

Not represented. 

Fam. XXVIII. ZEUZERIDiE. 

Genus 1. QUADRINA Grt. 

I. diazoma* Grt. 

Genus 4. TRYPANUS Eamb. 
9. populi Wlk. 
10. angrezi Bail. 

II. mucidus Edw. 

12. brucei French. 

13. centerensis Liutn. 

14. macmurtrei Guer. 

15. nodosus Lint. 

Genus 8. HYPOPTA Hub. 

6. bertholdi Grt. 

7. manfredi Neum. 

8. henrici Grt. 

Genus 19. PRIONOXYSTTJS Grt. 

1. robinise Peck. 

9 plagiatus Grt. 
crepera Grt. 

2. reticulatus Lint. 

4. querciperda Fitch. 

5. nanus Strck. 

Genus 21. COSSTJLA Bail. 
1. basalis Wlk. 

slossoni Hy. Edw. 
magnified Bail. 



* Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 



AMERICAN LEPIDOPTERA. 



37 



Genus 27. ZBUZBBA Latr. 

4. declpiens Kirby. 

pyrinus % Fab. 

5. canadensis H.-Sch. 

Fam.XXIX. HEPIALID^. 

Genus 1. HEPIALUS Fab. 

8. desolatus Strck. 

15. gracilis Grt. 

16. californicus Bdv. 

17. mustelinus Pack. 

18. baroni Behrens. 

19. lenzi Behrens. 

20. modestus Hy. Edw. 

21. confusus Hy. Edw. 

22. inutilis Hy. Edw. 

32. hyperboreus Moeschl. 

33. pulcher Grt. 

34. labradoriensis Pack. 



35. furcatus Gft. 
40. hectoides Bdv. 

43. sequoiolus Behrens. 

44. sangaris Strck. 

45. mendocinolus Behrens. 

46. mathewi Hy. Edw. 

47. mcglashani Hy. Edw. 

48. behrensi Stretch. 

2 montanus Stretch, 
var. tacomse Hy. Edw. 

49. rectus Hy. Edw. 

50. anceps Hy. Edw. 

51. auratus Grt. 

Genus 3. STHENOPIS Pack. 

1. argenteomaeulatus* Harr. 

2. argentatus Pack. 

3. quadriguttatus Grt. 

4. purpurascens Pack. 

5. thule Strck. 



* Indicates that the species is the type of the genus. 

TEANS. AM. ENT. SOC. XX. APKIL 1893.